Monday, September 20, 2010

SRVCC between LTE and 3GPP2 1xCS

  • 1xCS: The 3GPP2 legacy circuit switched signalling system as defined in 3GPP2 X.S0042-0
  • 3GPP SRVCC UE: A 3GPP SRVCC UE is a UE enhanced for IMS Service Continuity with the additional UE capabilities such as SRVCC between E-UTRAN and 3GPP UTRAN and / or between E-UTRAN and 3GPP GERAN and / or between UTRAN (HSPA) and 3GPP UTRAN and 3GPP GERAN.

For SRVCC-capable UEs, the call is always anchored at the VCC AS in the 3GPP2's IMS. The 3GPP2 1xCS IWS enables a single radio UE to communicate in parallel both with the source system and the target system. From VCC perspective, this mechanism minimizes the voice gap by supporting the transport of signalling for establishment of the target CS access leg while the terminal is connected to the source PS access network.
Transport of 3GPP2 1xCS signalling messages for preparation of the CS access leg in the target system

The S102 reference point is used to convey 3GPP2 1xCS signalling messages between the MME and 3GPP2 1xCS IWS. These 1x CS signalling messages are actually exchanged between the UE and the 3GPP2 1xCS IWS, and S102 is only one link in the overall UE 1xCS IWS tunnelling path. On the remaining portion of the tunnelling path, the 3GPP2 1xCS signalling messages are encapsulated in E UTRAN/EPS tunnelling messages (UE MME).

E-UTRAN and 3GPP2 1xCS SRVCC architecture

SRVCC architecture for E-UTRAN to 3GPP2 1xCS

Call flows for SRVCC from E-UTRAN

LTE VoIP-to-1x CS voice service continuity
1. Ongoing VoIP session over the IMS access leg established over EPS/E UTRAN access.

2. 1xCS SRVCC UE sends measurement reports to eNodeB.

3. The E UTRAN (e.g., based on some trigger, measurement reports) makes a determination to initiate an inter technology handover to cdma2000 1xRTT.

4. The E UTRAN signals the UE to perform an inter technology handover by sending a Handover from EUTRA Preparation Request message.

5. The UE initiates signalling for establishment of the CS access leg by sending a UL handover preparation Transfer message containing the 1xRTT Origination message. For the case of emergency voice service continuity, the request includes a Request-Type = "emergency handover" and in the case of UE operating in Limited Service Mode the MEID (e.g. IMEI) is included.

6. The E UTRAN sends an Uplink S1 cdma2000 Tunnelling (MEID, RAND, 1x Origination, Reference CellID) message to the MME. The eNodeB will also include CDMA2000 HO Required Indication IE to Uplink S1 CDMA2000 Tunnelling message, which indicates to the MME that the handover preparation has started.

7. Upon reception of the Uplink S1 cdma2000 Tunnelling message, the MME selects a 3GPP2 1xCS IWS based on Reference CellID and encapsulates the 1x Origination Message along with the MEID and RAND in a S102 Direct Transfer message (as "1x Air Interface Signalling").

8. The traffic channel resources are established in the 1x RTT system and 3GPP2 1xCS procedures for initiation of Session Transfer are performed as per 3GPP2 X.S0042 [4].

9. The 3GPP2 1xCS IWS creates a 1x message and encapsulates it in a S102 Direct Transfer message (1x message, Handover indicator). If the 3GPP2 access was able to allocate resources successfully, the 1x message is a 1x Handover Direction message and the handover indicator indicates successful resource allocation. Otherwise, the handover indicator indicates to the MME that handover preparation failed and the embedded 1x message indicates the failure to the UE.

10. The MME sends the 1x message and CDMA2000 HO Status IE in a Downlink S1 cdma2000 Tunnelling message to the E UTRAN. The CDMA2000 HO Status IE is set according to the handover indicator received over the S102 tunnel.

11. If the CDMA2000 HO Status IE indicates successful handover preparation, the E UTRAN forwards the 1x Handoff Direction message embedded in a Mobility from EUTRA Command message to the UE. This is perceived by the UE as a Handover Command message. If handover preparation failed, DL Information transfer message will be sent instead, with the embedded 1xRTT message that indicates the failure to the UE.

12. Once the UE receives the traffic channel information from the cdma2000 1xRTT system, the UE retunes to the 1xRTT radio access network and performs traffic channel acquisition with the 1xRTT CS access (e.g., 1xRTT BSS).

13. The UE sends a 1xRTT handoff completion message to the 1xRTT CS access (e.g., 1xRTT BSS).

14. The 1xRTT CS Access sends message to 1xRTT MSC to indicate of handoff done. The resources between 1x CS IWS and 1xRTT MSC may be released at this step.

15. Ongoing voice call over the CS access leg established over 1xRTT access. The E UTRAN/EPS context may be released based on the normal E UTRAN/EPS procedure.

16. The eNodeB sends an S1 UE Context Release Request (Cause) message to the MME. Cause indicates the S1 release procedure is caused by handover from E-UTRAN to 1xRTT.

17. The MME exchanges Suspend Request/ Acknowledge messages with the S GW / P GW. The S1-U bearers are released for all EPS bearers and the GBR bearers are deactivated by the MME. The non-GBR bearers are preserved and are marked as suspended in the S GW / P GW. Upon receipt of downlink data the S GW should not send a downlink data notification message to the MME.

18. S1 UE Context in the eNodeB is released as specified in TS 23.401 [2].

19. For an emergency services session after handover is complete, if the control plane location solution is used on the source side, the source MME shall send a Subscriber Location Report carrying an indication of the 1xRTT MSC (e.g. reference cell ID) to the GMLC associated with the source side to support location continuity. This enables location continuity for the 1xRTT side. Alternatively, if the control plane solution is not used on the source side, location continuity procedures shall be instigated on the 1xRTT side.


sameer said...

is PGW expected to talk to PCRF when it bearers are suspended and resumed?

What about accounting for suspended bearers?

Vikram said...

I assume suspended bearers as IDLE.
I guess yes, as the PCRF should know whether the bearer is carrying data or not.
The PCRF needs to have information about the suspended bearers.

Chandrakumar Javalkar said...

Hi Vikram,
Its a very informative blog